Earlier in parts 1, click here , and 2, click here , conspiracy theory was shown to be irrelevant to the question. The Council on Foreign Relations was introduced and the American Round Table, the Federal Reserve System, and the League of Nations were identified and discussed as knots on the thread of money and power.
Part 3 explores two particularly odorous knots, the conclusion of the CFR and the American Liberty League.
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR): Professor Carroll Quigley's book, Tragedy and Hope, is based on his reported 2-year access to the CFR files. In it he writes the CFR believes "national boundaries should be eliminated and one-world rule established" by means of ... "a world system of financial control in private hands able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole" through " "the growth of financial capitalism (which would make) possible a centralization of world economic control and use of this power for the direct benefit of financiers and the indirect injury of all other economic groups".
As to goals, "The main purpose of the CFR is promoting the disarmament of U.S. sovereignty and national independence, and submergence into an all-powerful one-world government", so stated Admiral Chester Ward who was a CFR member for 16 years before resigning in disgust. At the central core is a belief in the superiority of their own skill to form a world system in which enlightened monopolistic capitalism can bring all of the diverse currencies, banking systems, credit, manufacturing, and raw materials into one government.
James Warburg, son of CFR founder Paul Warburg, testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on February 17, 1950, "We shall have world government whether or not you like it--by conquest or consent." Henry Kissinger, a leading CFR member in an article entitled The Chance for a New World Order wrote, "The alternative to a new international order is chaos." On CNBC's Squawk on the Street, with the financial crisis and Obama's coming to office, he stated, "His task will be to develop an overall strategy for America in this period when, really, a new world order can be created. It's a great opportunity, it isn't just a crisis."
David Rockefeller, in his 2002 Memoirs, wrote, "For more than a century, ideological extremists at either end of the political spectrum have seized upon well-publicized incidents to attack the Rockefeller family for the inordinate influence they claim we wield over American political and economic institutions. Some even believe we are part of a secret cabal working against the best interests of the United States, characterizing my family and me as "internationalists' and of conspiring with others around the world to build a more integrated global political and economic structure - one world, if you will. If that's the charge, I stand guilty, and I am proud of it."
A few years following the CFR's formation, Edward L. Bernays, the father of public relations wrote, " The conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. ... We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of. This is a logical result of the way in which our democratic society is organized. Vast numbers of human beings must cooperate in this manner if they are to live together as a smoothly functioning society. ... In almost every act of our daily lives, whether in the sphere of politics or business, in our social conduct or our ethical thinking, we are dominated by the relatively small number of persons ... who understand the mental processes and social patterns of the masses. It is they who pull the wires which control the public mind."
He would go on to say, "As civilization becomes more complex, and as the need for invisible government has been increasingly demonstrated, the technical means have been invented and developed by which public opinion may be regimented. With printing press and newspaper, the telephone, telegraph, radio and airplanes, ideas can be spread rapidly, and even instantaneously, across the whole of America."
Regarding the print media, David Rockefeller is reported to have said at a CFR meeting, " We are grateful to the Washington Post, the NY Times, Time Magazine, and other great publications whose directors have attended our meetings, and respected their promises of discretion for almost 40 years. It would have been impossible for us to develop our plan for the world if we had been subjected to the lights of publicity during those years. But, the world is now more sophisticated and prepared to march towards a World Government. The supranational sovereignty of an intellectual elite and World Bankers is surely preferable to the national auto - determination practiced in past centuries.
From Schiafly and Ward's Kissinger on the Couch, "Once the ruling members of the CFR have decided that the U.S. government should espouse a particular policy, the very substantial research facilities of the CFR are put to work to develop arguments, intellectual and emotional, to support the new policy and to confound, discredit, intellectually and politically, any opposition".
The Hoover Institution's Antony Sutton has written, "While monopoly control of industries was once the objective of J.P. Morgan and J.D. Rockefeller (who once claimed competition was a sin), by the late nineteenth century the inner sanctums of Wall Street understood the most efficient way to gain an unchallenged monopoly was to "go political' and make society go to work for the monopolists--under the name of public good and the public interest."
The American Liberty League (ALL): Retired marine, Major General Smedley D. Butler was asked to organize the WWI veterans that had marched on Washington demanding immediate early payment of their bonuses. A coup was envisioned that would remove the president, Franklin D. Roosevelt. Major General Butler refused to cooperate and would later provide Congressional testimony that would implicate the ALL. The coup plotters were apparently unaware of Butler's disdain for banking, business, government, and military collusion. In his book, War is a Racket, he wrote:
"I spent 33 years and four months in active military service and during that period I spent most of my time as a high class muscle man for Big Business, for Wall Street, and the bankers. In short, I was a racketeer, a gangster for capitalism. I helped make Mexico and especially Tampico safe for American oil interests in 1914. I helped make Haiti and Cuba a decent place for the National City Bank boys to collect revenues in. I helped in the raping of half a dozen Central American republics for the benefit of Wall Street. I helped purify Nicaragua for the International Banking House of Brown Brothers in 1902 - 1912. I brought light to the Dominican Republic for the American sugar interests in 1916. I helped make Honduras right for the American fruit companies in 1903. In China in 1927 I helped see to it that Standard Oil went on its way unmolested. Looking back on it, I might have given Al Capone a few hints. The best he could do was to operate his racket in three districts. I operated on three continents."
The ALL was formed in 1934 to counter FDR's 'radical' New Deal legislation; what historians call the '3 Rs': relief for the unemployed and poor; recovery of the economy to normal levels; and reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression. The main backers were the Du Pont family, as well as leaders of U.S. Steel, General Motors, General Foods, Colgate, Heinz Foods, Standard Oil, Chase National Bank, and Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company. The BBC documentary The Whitehouse Coup, alleges that Prescott Bush, father/grandfather to the 41st and 43rd U.S. presidents respectively, was also connected.
Following Congressional hearings before the McCormack-Dickstein Committee, no prosecutions followed despite the committees' report showing they believed Butler's allegations. Some have suggested that FDR traded a no prosecution deal to obtain support for his New Deal programs including the Wagner Act to promote labor unions and the Social Security Act.
By 1940, the ALL had faded from existence.