Will Supreme Court Ruling Help Mumia Abu-Jamal's Case?
By Linn Washington Jr.
In a perverse way, the recent U.S. Supreme Court ruling reinstating the death sentence of Mumia Abu-Jamal could ultimately benefit the world's most recognized death row inmate.
This ruling orders the federal 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals to reexamine the issue of whether the judge at Abu-Jamal's 1982 trial provided faulty jury instructions regarding death penalty deliberation procedures.
The 3rd Circuit had found those judicial instructions flawed and voided Abu-Jamal's death sentence, prompting an appeal from Philadelphia prosecutors that the Supreme Court granted.
Returning this controversial case back to the 3rd Circuit enables new legal maneuvering which Philadelphia prosecutors concede could include examination of issues federal courts have not considered in this matter that draws attention internationally arising from the explosive intersection of racism and politics.
Although the case against former Black Panther Abu-Jamal arguably contains compelling elements, this case is circumstantial, centered on testimony from criminally flawed eyewitnesses and lacking conclusive forensic evidence.
Those demanding a new trial for self-proclaimed revolutionary journalist Abu-Jamal consistently cite credible evidence of egregious improprieties by police, prosecutors and jurists as corrupting the quest for justice of this once award-winning radio reporter who's authored six books while on death row for over 25-years.
Amnesty International, in its seminal 2000 report on the Abu-Jamal case, detailed "a pattern of events" comprising Abu-Jamal's fair trial rights including irregularities by police and prosecutors plus "hostility by the trial judge and the appearance of judicial bias during appellate review."
The least scrutinized aspect of Abu-Jamal's case is unusual rulings issued by appellate courts - federal and state - often creating new standards seemingly crafted to deny this convicted cop killer the legal relief granted to others including a few convicted of murdering police.
When the Pennsylvania Supreme Court first upheld Abu-Jamal's conviction in March 1989 it eliminated an ancient legal standard permitting defendants' to make statements before sentencing that it had reinforced in a ruling issued just one month earlier.
Curiously, the same Philadelphia and Pennsylvania courts that found major flaws in 86 Philadelphia death penalty convictions between Abu-Jamal's December 1981 arrest and October 2009 declare that not a single error - evidentiary or procedural - exists anywhere in the Abu-Jamal case.
Despite Pennsylvania state and federal courts voiding 22 death penalties because of defense lawyer failures to present any mitigating evidence for their clients during death penalty hearings, courts found no fault in Abu-Jamal's trial lawyer failing to present any mitigating evidence during the penalty hearing.
When the 3rd Circuit Court upheld Abu-Jamal's conviction in 2008, it created a new standard for defendants challenging racist jury selection practices by prosecutors - a standard more stringent than the standard used by that Circuit and the U.S. Supreme Court.
Abu-Jamal's appeal of that 3rd Circuit ruling highlighted 11 separate rulings where federal and Pa state courts specifically faulted Philadelphia prosecutors for engaging in intentional discrimination during jury selection.
Six of those 11 rulings cited in that appeal came from the 3rd Circuit yet the U.S. Supreme Court rejected Abu-Jamal's appeal in April 2009 without comment.
The U.S. Supreme Court engaged in contradictory rulings related to Abu-Jamal in the early 1990s making a mockery of its duty to ensure equal justice under law.